José M.N. Jardim (1973) born and raised in Curaçao, graduated in Economics in 1996 from the Universidade Nova de Lisboa (Portugal), concluded his post-graduate in Economics in 2007 from the Lisbon School of Economics and Management (ISEG) Portugal, and earned his doctoral degree Ph.D. in Economics in 2012 from the ISEG, Portugal. In his doctoral dissertation, Mr. Jardim established a relationship between optimal fiscal consolidation policies and the informal economy using a Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) framework.
From 1997 until 2017, Mr. Jardim occupied several positions at the Ministry of Finance of the former Netherlands Antilles and of Curaçao. Mr. Jardim’s last position at the Ministry of Finance of Curaçao was Permanent Secretary, the most senior ranked civil servant within the Ministry. During his tenure as Minister of Finance of Curaçao (September 2012 – December 2016) Mr. Jardim interacted with his peers from around the world on areas covering the economy, public finances, tax affairs and renewable energy, and was responsible for the design and implementation of a vast fiscal consolidation program.
Furthermore, Mr. Jardim has headed extensive tax policy missions to multilateral organizations such as the Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD), worked in tandem with members of the Small Island Development States (SIDS) on the blue economy and has broad experience interacting with the institutions of the European Union (E.U.). Throughout Mr. Jardim’s education and working experience he acquired extensive skills in management and governance, constitutional change, public management, macroeconomics, especially growth economics, monetary policy, public finances and econometric methods.
As of 17 November 2017, Mr. Jardim was appointed member of the Executive Board of the Central Bank, responsible for the Economic and Financial divisions. Mr. Jardim also serves as Acting President as of January 1, 2020.